CHAPTER 1: THE EVOLUTION OF THE PURCHASES
1.6 Systems ERP: Signals.
For "Business Informative System" they agree "with of business persons, equipment and procedures whose
task is that one to produce the information that serve in order to operate in the enterprise and to manage it".
In practical draft of all the important information used in company, joined to the computer science infrastructure (hardware, software and nets) necessary in order to manage them and to the persons who make use of such give you for the development of the own activity.
In such context therefore with acronym E.R.P. (Enterprise Resource Planning) agrees to identify the integrated
systems of management, that is total of applications software integrated, that the important information of the company in
an only base manage all give to you cetralized and that varieties of activity of the company concur to manage in co-ordinate
For being which flexibilities of architecture consider you such ERP systems must possess characteristics, effective atmosphere of personalize, various facilities of cable, availabilities in languages and localizations, possibility to model complex corporate structures, wide range of models of control of management of easy construction and totally integrated.
Acronym E.R.P. (Enterprise Resource Planning) has been coined at the beginning of years ' 90 in order
to indicate the new integrated managerial systems for manifacturing companies that were an evolution of the previous products
constructed on the famous models like MRP (Material Requirement Planning) and MRP II (Manufacturing Resource Planning). 1.6.1 As a system ERP works.
The birth of such systems just in those years is not sure a case. The companies began in fact to having the requirement of a system evolution that it allowed they to manage the business activities in effective, transparent way avoiding every possible loss of time and resources for the management of the information.
The enterprises were evolving and they were making it fastly, was taking place in fact one new opening towards the outside.
The enterprises were not pleased more than to sell and to buy assets produced in the own zone, they began therefore to try national suppliers and customers.
Also these barriers, once considered unsurmountable, began to become labili species when the idea of an European market and one was shown only currency.
It arrives you to years 2000 and found a consolidation in the relationships with own the partner European, was begun to see the world like an only great market, in which not there were borders and obstacles to the free commerce.
It was begun to speak therefore about globalization.
As it can be understood the size of job and information to deal and to manage increased breathtakingly. Since confirmation said how much is sure the distribution of the attache's to the various business units.
Thirty years ago in fact in proportion were 4 laborers and 1 employee. Hour instead to 4 employs to you corresponds 1 single laborer. All that sure has had to the increase of the information to manage, but also because the qualified management became one of the main ones objects you of the enterprise.
1.6.1 As a system ERP works.
The ERP is defined like "an architecture software that facilitates the flow of information between
all the inner functions to the society which human manufacture, logistics, finance and resources".
The ERP are of the software, plan to you in order to automate the "organizational ruotines" and for model the strategic processes of the enterprise, from the finance to the sales, with the objective to realize integration of the information possessed to the inside of the enterprises, and the sharing of the same ones between, the enterprise and its patners.
Applications ERP, in fact, reduce the costs of coordination of the transactions, that is lower the cost of "government" of the interdependences, but of it they do not modify the nature.
In short the advantage of systems ERP is that one to allow the realization of connections between the various ones is made of the chain of the value to inferior costs and more fastly of the systems informed to you traditional, concurring to acquire a support competitive advantage in the comparisons of the contenders who such systems do not use or they do not have correctly implements to you.
Moreover systems ERP concur to codify the acquaintance remarkablly, lowering some the costs of its spread to the inside of the company.
System ERP operates through a database common situated in the heart (to the center) of the same system.
Such database it interacts with all the applications, so as to guarantee the lack of redundancy between they give and integrity to you of the aforesaid system. With these systems a "integration of the business informative system sin from its conception" is had, that is the informative system is born already integrated is under the logical-organizational profile, is under the profile software and hardware.
Planned sin from the origin integration of all the business functions in a unitary system, without duplication of arches to you and without re-insertion activity they give to you.
A system ERP is composed from several modules everyone of the which overload information of the several business divisions.
There are modules works them for every "business unit" business, as an example a module for sales, one for the purchases, one for the finance, the human resources and therefore via.
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